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模拟预测丨特朗普退出巴黎协定(2)

李旭舅舅老师 2018-12-05 13:26:38

今年特朗普退出了很多群

而在考研阅读中

特朗普退出巴黎协定算是一个经典事件

那么开始做题打卡吧


01

    3)Not only would this agenda be disastrous for climate, it would actually undermine Trump's abilitu to achieve his own primary goals. 4)First ,climate change is not like other issues that can be postponed from one year  to the next. 5)The  U.S. and world are already behind; speed is of the essence, because climate change and its impacts are  coming sooner and with greater ferocity than anticipated:2016 was the hottest year on record by a large margin, and 2015 and 2014 set the precious records.

        6) Warming is also causing sea level to rise at faster rates.  7)The costs of these increasingly common events are reaching into the billions of dollars. 8) Most frightening are the likely tipping points in the climate system - thresholds beyond which unstoppable feedbacks kick in. 9)We don't know exactly where such points of no return are until we've passed them. 10)Every year theat we delay action,we increase the risk of crossing dangerous thresholds, and we commit our generation and our children's to more devastating outcomes.


02

2

It is indicated in Paragraphs 2 and 3 that ____


A. it called for urgent actions to control climate change.


B.  the climate change means the temperature becomes unstable.


C. Trump's decisions would help to develop the country.


D. we know the consequences of the climate change.

点击空白处查看答案

A


03

分阶词汇:

agenda n. 议程;日常工作事项

undermine v.逐渐削弱;损害

postpone v.使……延期

essence n.本质,实质

anticipate v.预期,期望

frightening adj.令人恐惧的

tipping point 临界点

threshold n.临界值

devastating adj.毁灭性的


译文:

3)这一计划不仅将对环境产生致命的影响,而且还会削弱特朗普实现自己最初执政目标的能力。 4)首先,气候变化不同于其他事件,它不能被年复一年地推迟下去。 5)美国乃至全世界都已落后;只有降低人类受影响的速度才是核心,因为很快我们将迎来气候变化并且感受到它所带来的影响,这比我们曾经预想的更为凶猛:2016年升温显著,是有史以来最热的一年,而2015年和2014年也都曾创下纪录。


6)全球变暖还导致海平面加速上升。 7)治理这些越来越常见的现象的花销也增长至数十亿美元。 8)最令人恐惧的当属我们可能已经达到了气候系统中的临界点——一旦超过临界值其后果将接二连三的随之而来。 9)我们无法得知事态发展到何种底部将无法挽回,除非我们亲身体会过环境变化给生活带来的各种影响。 10)而每年我们延缓采取行动,都会增加人类超过气候系统危险临界点的风险,同时我们也将自己与后辈置于毁灭性的后果中。


04

考场攻略:

3)句not only... 与it would ...构成并列结构,可猜测文章前后句表达的都是这一计划所带来的负面影响。 4)句开头出现了序数词first,说明作者将对之后的内容进行分点阐述,同时还需注意下文中出现second、finally 等词。 5)句中出现了“;”,分号前后表示并列或转折;同时还出现了冒号“:”,表示对前面climate change and its impacts are coming sooner and with greater ferocity than anticipated 的解释说明。


8)句中出现了“——”破折号,后面的内容是对前面句子的具体解释。 10)句中第一个and 链接两个并列句,这两个句子都表示延缓行动会带来的后果。


题目分析:

本题为推理判断题。第二段4)句提到climate change is not like other issues that can be postponed from one year to the next(气候变化不同于其他事件,它不能被年复一年地推迟下去),接下来又说speed is of the essence (速度才是核心);在第三段中也能找到该观点的印证Every year that we delay action, we increase the risk of crossing dangerous thresholds... (而每年我们延缓采取行动,都会增加人类超过气候系统危险临界点的风险……)由此可判断,控制气候变化的行动刻不容缓,故A选项正确。


干扰选项B选项无中生有,原文未提到气候变化意味着气温的不稳定;C选项正反混淆,说特朗普的决定会促进国家的发展,而原文中说的是Not only would this agenda be disastrous for climate,it would actually undermine Trump's ability to achieve his own primary goals.(这一计划不仅将对环境产生致命的影响,而且还会削弱特朗普实现自己最初执政目标的能力。)故特朗普的决定可能不会促进国家的发展;D选项也属于无中生有,所以人类并不知道气候变化的后果到底是什么,D选项表达的意思与原文相反。

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