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剑桥13考情分析及预测

新富岳 2018-11-16 06:16:04

听说读写考情分析及备考建议


听力整体题型来看,剑13中规中矩,填空题和选择题各占半壁江山。4套题每套题都是非常标准的S1S4全部是填空题,S2S3全部是选择


这种题型分配基本匹配了20181-4月的实际考情:在已经考完的16场考试里,S1100%填空题,S497%填空题;S2S3题型占比前两位的同样是单选题和配对题


在选择题部分,除了主打老面孔单选和配对题之外,双选题在剑13的高出镜率是值得注意的,而且都是以连续2道双选题出现


同样的情况在2018年的1-4月考试里也是如此。流程配对题继剑12里出现两次后,这次在剑13里第二次露脸。在2018426日这场考试里也考了流程配对题。


地图题虽然只在剑13的第一套题里的Section 2出现一次,但占比该部分10道题中的7道。与之相对应的是,地图题在20181月连考了3场,23月各考了1场,4月连考了2场。大家需要做好Section 2出现地图题的平常心准备。


1
剑13套题题型
 

剑13

SECTION 1

SECTION 2

SECTION 3

SECTION 4

TEST 1

表格填空10

单选3+选择式地图7

单选5+流程配对5

填空10

TEST 2

填空10

单选6+双选2

单选5+配对5

填空10

TEST 3

填空10

配对6+双选2

单选4+配对6

填空10

TEST 4

填空10

单选6+配对4

单选6+双选2

填空10


2
场景分类
 

剑13

SECTION 1

SECTION 2

SECTION 3

SECTION 4

TEST 1

咨询烹饪课

交通规则变化

学生讨论生物实验

城市环境对动物的影响

TEST 2

加入自行车俱乐部

公司志愿者项目信息

计划关于纳米技术的演讲

记忆

TEST 3

搬家

保持健康

用自然染料项目

松果蜥

TEST 4

咨询培训

滑雪中心

视频包装

营养信息

咖啡历史




写作考情分析及备考建议


01

Task 1

题型分布:两篇地图题,两篇柱状图。

从剑12开始到现在的剑13,提醒考生要高度重视示意图。综合剑12和剑13,只要是数据图那就是柱图。因为柱图以动静结合、多组数据同时比较而著称,它比线图、饼图和表格在出题形式和考察范围上更加灵活多样。


备考建议:

Test1地图题中除了变化外,还增加了对路线变化的考察,并非仅仅是单纯的设施变化; Test4地图题中暗藏了时态陷阱,也是在剑13中唯一一篇需要采用多种时态的小作文。在备考中要注意题型组合出现的可能性,除了数据图与示意图的组合,或数据图不同类型的组合外,还要注意单种图表中不同方向考察点组合的情况。

另外,在剑13Test 2的柱图实质是一幅动态图,随着时间的变化,英格兰和威尔士住房和租房比例的下降;Test 3的柱图实质却是一幅静态图,考察的是发电量与耗电量前十名的国家。从写作谋篇布局上来看或者说在完成小作文任务回应度的评分标准时,需要更加注意对比结构和对比句型的表达。


01

Task 2 

题型分布:agree/disagree 2篇,discuss 1篇,report 1篇。话题:社会类3:教育类1.


备考建议:

社会类问题和教育类话题依旧是大作文考察的主要方向。

从题目审题难度上来看,雅思官方逐渐加大对题目本身审题题眼的设置与限定,进一步考察学生的逻辑论证和思辨能力,除了Test 3学校教育问题题目中的广大烤鸭们较为熟悉的绝对化表达(比如:one of the most important),还增设了have to, as well as, too many, in spite of等单词的修饰,这从一个侧面反应了雅思写作考试的审题难度日渐加大,如何准确找准立场并深入展开论证是今后备考的重中之重。


以下是9分范文分析:

The chart below shows the percentage of households in owned and rented accommodation in England and Wales between 1918 and 2011.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

SAMPLE ANSWER 
开头段

The bar chart illustrates how the proportions of households that lived in owned and rented accommodation in England and Wales changed from 1918 to 2011.


主体段1:1971年之前

Before 1971, more households lived in rented accommodation than in owned accommodation. 特征:1971年前租房家庭比自住房家庭多。The biggest gap was in 1918, when 77% households rented. The same proportions (68%) of households lived in rented accommodation in 1939 and 1953. In 1961, there were as many as 40% of households in owned accommodation. Finally, the year 1971 witnessed equal proportions of households that lived in both types of accommodation. 细节:租房比例从大到小写


主体段2:1971年之后

On the other hand, there were more households that lived in owned accommodation than in rented accommodation after 1971.特征:1971年以后自住房家庭比租房家庭多 In 1991 and 2001, households in owned accommodation more than doubled those in rented accommodation. 先写对比差距大的两个年份。The difference was less prominent in 1981 and 2011, when about 60% of households lived in owned accommodation. 后写对比差距相对较小的两个年份。


结尾段:租房和住自购房家庭的趋势

It is clear that, while there was an increase in the percentage of households in owned accommodation in these two nations, fewer and fewer households rented.


思路解析:

我们都知道,动态柱状图可以看做线图。

1) 租房家庭的比例总体下降,最后小幅上升

2) 住自购房的家庭的比例总体上升,最后小幅下降

似乎这是一个2条线的线图,文章结构:

A. 把信息分成2个主体段,分别写租房和住自购房的家庭对应的两条线

B. 然后,在结尾段写1971年以及之前和之后租房和自购房的比例大小关系

然而,这样想就错了。


不建议这样写,有2个原因

1图形隐含了信息:租房家庭比例+住自购房的家庭比例=100%

数据是否需要全部写?不用。既然加起来是100%,其实每一年写租房(或者住自购房的)家庭的比例即可。那么,在你把租房家庭主体段写完之后,住自购房的家庭主体段已经不需要写了

2虽然1971年之前的5年租房的比住自购房的多,但是差异一样吗?显然不一样,而这个差异大小的区别是必写信息。

正确的分段方式:

主体段11971年以及之前的共12个比例分成一大组(一个主体段),要比较(租房比住自购房)多得特别多和多得没那么多

主体段21971年之后的8个比例分成另一大组(另一个主体段),其他同上

结尾段:写租房的总趋势和住自购房的总趋势

推荐这种分段方式,是因为它能更好地展示图形中的 comparisons, 其实也算是这个题目的标准写法。



阅读分析及备考建议
题型分析

雅思阅读主要题型的考查大体上稳定,在填空大类和是非判断的比重仍然高居首位。这两类题型在剑13中占53%,如果能将这两类题型攻克,雅思阅读的基础分数可以尽快稳固。


填空大类,包括:摘要填空(summary)、完成句子填空和表格、流程填空,剑13中合计出现53题(占160题的33%),并且在每套考题的三篇文章的分布中,passage1最多,passage2和passage3递减,相应后两者的配对和选择题比重上升。说明填空大类题型仍然是把握得分基础的必备掌握题型。值得一提的是,在剑12中大面积出现的完成句子填空(每3篇文章出现1次),在剑13中(仅出现1次)更多得被摘要填空取代,所以对填空题型的定位难度只增不减。


其实是判断题,在剑13中合计出现32题(占20%),在4套题中合计该题型出现6次,最多一套题出现2次,至少1次,这与近期考试的题型占比相比略低,但是不能排除说明是非判断题掌握的必要性。


相对填空大类和判断题之外,配对题(段落信息配对、人名观点配对、细节配对,句子配对)和选择题型合计70题(占总量的43%)。人名观点配对题型(出现21题)在剑13中频频出现,除了Test4没有引用该题型,Test1-3均出现,这和剑12中的人名观点题型仅出现1篇、2018年第1季题库45篇文章出现4篇(不到10%)相比较,是相当大的变化。相对来说段落信息配对从剑12中的出现3次题型,在剑13中仅在Test1中出现了1次。这和2018年第1季度该题量没有上升的趋势是一致的。


此外,剑13中没有出现的题型是:简答题、多选题和分类配对题。这延续了剑12的题型配比传统,但是对比2018年第1季题库,多选题在45个篇章的考查中出现总计9次(非常惊人)高达20%的篇章率,说明同学们对于多选题仍然是需要亮警的。


剑桥雅思阅读备考建议

1. 填空题为大基础板块,备考优先级理应第一,注意摘要题的定位

2. 判断题按惯例重点准备,在passage1就会出现

3. 人名观点配对的大量出现,意味着论证性细节的考查要求增大


剑13题型:


TEST 1

题目类型

题目数量

占比

填空

7

17.5%

判断

9

22.5%

段落Matching

6

15%

人名Matching

4

10%

选择题

5

12.5%

句子Matching

6

15%

无选项Summary

3

7.5%


TEST 2

题目类型

题目数量

占比

填空

9

22.5%

判断

4

10%

细节Matching

4

10%

人名Matching

9

22.5%

选择题

5

12.5%

句子Matching

3

7.5%

无选项Summary

6

15%


TEST3

题目类型

题目数量

占比

填空

8

20%

判断

5

12.5%

细节Matching

8

20%

人名Matching

8

20%

无选项Summary

11

27.5%


TEST 4

题目类型

题目数量

占比

判断

14

35%

填空

5

12.5%

Summary

9

22.5%

句子Matching

4

10%

选择

3

7.5%

细节Matching

5

12.5%


总计

题目类型

题目数量

占比

判断

32

20%

填空

29

18.1%

无选项Summary(填空)

29

18.1%

人名Matching

21

13.1%

细节Matching

17

10.6%

选择题

13

8.13%

句子Matching

13

8.13%



口语分析以及预测


1.4个test中人物、物品、事件、抽象类话题各占一位

第一个test中的创业人物应该不会对考生造成太大障碍,因为关于商人的题目一直以不同的问法出现在各个换题季中。


2.物品类话题也是2018年1-4月话题库里的老客,描述一件科技产品(比如电脑和手机),当然这个题目笔者强烈建议大家避开一些经典的素材。因为笔者在获邀参加第四届雅思官方工作坊会议时,英国文化教育协会语言测评顾问Philip Horne就曾透露过中国考生思维定式严重,个别素材的重复率达到令人发指的程度,如讲到历史建筑必有长城,谈到野生动物一定是熊猫居多,流行歌手周杰伦的出场率永远爆高


3.事件类是记录工作或学习中的一次有趣的讨论

这个题目的出现也非常符合英语系国家教育领域的常见认知,因为Group Discussion是西方大学常见的上课模式,却也正是大部分非英语母语者融入西方课堂的拦路虎,越来越多的大学认识到这一点,尤其是中国留学生的课堂参与度非常低,一部分是由于语言关,还有一部分是思维的问题,中式的课堂以教师传授居多,学生并不善于主动发言,所以这个题目的出炉也是紧贴目前很多大学对留学生课堂参与度的担忧而产生。


4.描述一个工作或学习中常用的网站

这个题目是基于目前题库中描述一个网站而进行的细化问题,烤鸭们准备的淘宝网估计是时候要更换一下了。


以下是对于5-8雅思考试的口语预测(节选一部分)


13.特别的外出

Part 2

Describe a special day that you went out but didn’t spend much money

You should say:

       What day it was

       Where you went

       What you did

       Who you were with

Part 3

Do teenager spend much more money than before?

How can people save money as much as possible?

Did you ever have bad shopping experience?

Why is online shopping so popular these days?

Do you think you can buy something from a physical store without money?


14.受欢迎的人

Part 2

Describe a popular person

You should say:

        Who the person is

        What kind of person he or she is

         Why you think this person is popular

         How this person influences the public

Part 3

What are the qualities of being popular

Do you know any popular star who really likes helping other people?

Do you think children should imitate their idols?

What influences do popular starts have on teenagers?

Do you think popular start have more freedom or less freedom?


15.科技产品

Part 2

Describe a piece of technology (not computer-related) you like to use

You should say:

        What the technology is

        When it was invented

        What it is used for

        How you feel about it

Part 3

Do yo like to use new technology

Does technology deeply affect people’s life

Is there any difference between technology in cities and in small towns?

Do you agree that men are more obsessed with new technology than woman?

How to teach older generation to use new technology?

Do you think that technology always has positive effects?


16.重要事件

Part 2

Describe an important event that you celebrated

You should say:

       What it was

       Where it happened

       Why it was important

       How people felt about it

Part 3

Do you like to plan for an important meeting or activity?

Who is the most important person in your life?

In you country, do you think good appearance is important while finding a job?

What is the most important thing for being a teenager?

What events do Chinese people like to celebrate ?


17.喜欢和朋友去的地方

Part 2

Describe a place in your city or town that you like to visit with your friends?

You should say:

        Where this place is

        When was the last time you went there

        Who you like to go with

         And explain why you like to go there

Part 3

Where do Chinese people like to travel?

Is there a difference between young people’s preference and old people’s preference?

Do you think interpersonal skills are more important than studying?

What kinds of group activities do Chinese people like to participate?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of traveling with friends ?


18优质服务

Part 2

Describe a good service you received

You should say:

        What the service was

        When you received it

        Who you were with

        How you felt about it

Part 3

What kinds of service are not good?

How do you deal with impolite waiters?

Do you think that all the waiters should be given training classes?

Would you like to work in the service  industry in the future?

Why do some older people want to be waiters in the big cities?


18.乐于助人

Part 2

Describe an occasion when you helped a person

You should say:

       What the situation was

       Who you helped

       How you helped

       And explain how you felt after giving help

Part 3

Do you like helping others?

In your view should children be taught to help others?

How can we encourage children to help others?

Do you think people are less willing to help others these days, compared to the past?

How can charitable organization help people?

What do you think are the benefits of having unpaid volunteer workers?


19.家具

Part 2

Describe a piece of furniture

You should say:

        What it is

        Where it is

        What it looks like( or what it is made of )

         And explain how or why you use it

Part 3

In your country, where do people buy the furniture for their homes?

What factors do people need to consider when buying furniture for the home?

Why do some people like to buy expensive furniture?

Do you think the style is important ?

What’s the difference between furniture in the office and furniture at home ?


20.好家长

Part 2

Describe someone who is a good parent

You should say:

        Who this person is

        How you know this person

        What this person does

        Explain why you think this person is a good parent

Part 3

If you were a parent and you were busy at work, would you take of your children on your own or hire a babysitter?

So you think it’s fair to let mother take care of  children all the time?

Some teenagers don’t like to be controlled by their parents, what do you think?

What are the drawbacks if the children are looked after by their grandparents?

In your country, who will take care children ?

Do you think you’ll be a good parent?


21.休闲设施

Part 2

Describe a leisure facility(cinema, theater, sports center) you would like to have in your hometown

You should say:

        What it is

        Where it is

        When you go there

And how you feel about it

Part 3

Would people change their way of entertainment as they grow older?

What do young people do for fun?

Do you think entertainment methods will be home-based in the future?

What kinds of leisure facilities are popular in your country?

Do you think it’s important to take some time off work or study and do some leisure activities?



22.一个决定

Part 2

Describe a(good)decision someone made

You should say:

Who made it

What was the decision

When it was made

And explain why it was a good decision

Part 3                                        

Should children make decisions on their own?

How should parents help their children make decisions?

Do parents in your country make decisions for their children?

Who will be helpful when making decision in your country?

Do you think it is advisable listening to others’ advice

When making decision?

When young people are to make a decision, should they listen to some advice?


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